Delivering the Goods
PT Adaro Logistics
Among the key challenges faced by Adaro are transportation and logistics. Adaro Indonesia has one of the furthest inland coal mines in Indonesia. It is located 80km from the barge-loading river port at Kelanis and a further 240km from the transshipment location at Taboneo in the Java Sea.
PT Adaro Logistics (AL) is tasked with coordinating and managing the logistics arm of our coal supply chain. AL has integrated the activities of our logistics business units to enhance its value as an integrated port-to-port logistics service provider to Adaro.
AL contributes significantly to Adaro’s integrated coal supply chain, starting from loading coal on to barges at Kelanis to transporting and delivering the coal at the discharging points or ports.
Through synergized planning, AL strengthens the business process from coal barging and transshipment, to the operation of the land-based coal assembly and ship-loading terminal, to port management for stevedoring and coal transshipment activities at Taboneo anchorage, and lastly to managing the availability of the Barito River channel by dredging the channel regularly.
AL’s vision is to become a reliable, efficient and best-managed Indonesian logistics company. It aims to ensure high-quality health and safety standards with environmental best practices to enhance the businesses that in return benefit stakeholders and communities.
As a coal-focused logistics provider, the outlook for AL is affected by the outlook for coal. At Adaro, we believe that the long-term fundamentals for coal remain intact. We do, however, want to improve our non-coal mining activities such as logistics, mining services and power.
Apart from the coal industry, the outlook for the logistics business in Indonesia is reassuring. The government has made the maritime sector one of its priorities, and it plans to build more ports and water tollways to connect the archipelago.
Because of this, AL plans to increase its strategic diversification into non-coal bulk materials as well as materials related to the oil and gas industry. AL will take these strategic moves to reduce its dependence on the coal industry and to open up new opportunities for future growth.
Furthermore, more barging and shiploading services will be required to transport coal to domestic power plants in the next five years, as the government works to increase Indonesia’s coal-fired power generation capacity by 20GW.
The following are the core subsidiaries co-ordinated by Adaro Logistics in our coal supply chain.
PT Maritim Barito Perkasa
PT Maritim Barito Perkasa (MBP) has been a key barging contractor for PT Adaro Indonesia since 2009, providing coal transportation services from the Kelanis inland barge-loading terminal on the Barito River to the Taboneo offshore anchorage and to the South Pulau Laut Coal Terminal.
In addition, MBP transports Adaro’s coal directly to domestic customers on Java. MBP also provides coal transportation services to third parties.
MBP added four barges and three tugboats in 2015. We plan to add two tugboats and one barge with 15,500DWT capacity in 2016.
In 2015, MBP transported a total of 31.1Mt of coal, down 2% from 2014. Of this, 29.6Mt was coal transported for AI and SCM, down 3%, while coal transported for third parties also down by 30% to 1.5 Mt. MBP trans-shipped 35.8Mt of coal to vessels at Taboneo, 3% less than in 2014. Of this, it loaded 23.5Mt using its floating cranes and 11.6 Mt using its floating transfer units (FTUs).
In total, 95% of the coal that MBP barged and 100% of the coal it trans-shipped in 2015 was for Adaro.
Pepen Handianto Danuatmadja, President Commissioner
Christian Ariano Rachmat, Commissioner
M. Syah Indra Aman, Commissioner
Alan Yim Foon Kuan, President Director
Chin Sik Cheon, Director
|Key Financial Highlights (US$ million)|
|Operating Statistics (Mt)|
|Coal loaded to ships||13.6||15.6||20.8||37.1||35.8|
PT Sarana Daya Mandiri
PT Sarana Daya Mandiri (SDM) maintains the 15km shipping channel at the estuary of Barito River used mainly by coal-bearing barge traffic. It performs regular dredging to ensure that the channel depth allows safe and navigable traffic throughout the year.
Since mid-2015, dredging and maintenance was performed using the Barito Equator, a dredger with 2,500m3 capacity, larger than the 2,150m3 of the previous boat used since 2012. In 2015, dredging and maintenance resulted in mean low water springs of -6.30 meters.
Since 24-hour operation of the channel was enabled in 2009, previous capacity constraints have been removed. The channel used to only have an eight-hour navigational window per day during high tide. After SDM dredged the channel and allowed round-the-clock operations, its capacity has increased from 60Mt to 200Mt per annum.
Through its services, SDM has helped raise navigational safety along the channel, in turn allowing a higher volume of cargo to be carried to and from South and Central Kalimantan. This has indirectly assisted in raising the economic development of the region.
The continued coal price slump had an impact on Barito River traffic in 2015: the total volume of coal transported decreased by 11% from 98.6Mt in 2014 to 88.1Mt, 4% lower than the 2015 target of 92Mt.
The number of vessels sailing through the channel (including tugboats and barges) monitored by SDM decreased from 15,338 vessels in 2014 to 14,023 vessels in 2015.
PT Indonesia Bulk Terminal
IBT is a port management company certified under the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code. It runs a coal terminal on the tip of Pulau Laut Island off the south-eastern coast of South Kalimantan.
IBT offers land-based coal ship-loading services and stockpiling for coal-blending customized to customers’ request. In 2015, IBT loaded a total of 0.3Mt to vessels, consisting of 199,842 tonnes of Adaro’s coal and 132,538 tonnes of third parties’ coal.
IBT launched a new business initiative in 2015 as Adaro established a strategic alliance with state oil and gas utility PT Pertamina (Persero) in the infrastructure, transport and supply of biodiesel. Under an agreement signed in September, Pertamina leases and uses IBT’s fuel storage facilities, consisting of four tanks with a 70,000-kiloliter storage capacity and two jetties with a loading capacity of 1.4 million kiloliters/year.
The fuel storage facilities are an important part of our operations as our vertically integrated business model means considerable and flexible need for fuel right along our supply chain from pit to port to power. This new alliance replaces a fuel supply arrangement from Shell.
In 2015, a total of 735,818 kiloliters was transported from IBT’s facility, consisting of 688,034 kiloliters by Shell and 47,784 kiloliters by Pertamina.
PT Indonesia Multi-Purpose Terminal
PT Indonesia Multi-Purpose Terminal (IMPT) was authorized in 2015 by the Ministry of Transportation to operate as a port operator/manager (badan usaha pelabuhan) to manage and operate a terminal at the Taboneo offshore anchorage at the mouth of the Barito River in South Kalimantan.
The company has obtained an environmental impact license (AMDAL) and certificate of compliance with the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code and is preparing for commercial operation.
PT Puradika Bongkar Muat Makmur
PT Puradika Bongkar Muat Makmur (PBMM) offers stevedoring services for vessels using the Taboneo anchorage. In 2015, PBMM handled 51.58Mt, 9.2% less than the 56.8Mt of 2014, mainly due to lower coal production by Adaro Indonesia.
PBMM is responsible for planning the fleet of service vessels needed for loading coal consignments to customers’ ships or for barging coal direct to domestic customers.
Based on the destination and volume of coal, PBMM calculates the required capacity and the determines how much to allot to each barge contractor, including MBP.